Article provided by Numrich Gun Parts Corporation - www.gunpartscorp.com
First let's explain what distinguishes a shotgun from other firearms. Most other guns will fire a single projectile. A shotgun is designed for shooting multiple projectiles in varying sizes and quantities. The multiple projectiles are called shot. The shot is encased in the shotshell along with the powder charge, wad separator, brass head and primer. When the shot is fired, the group of projectiles will spread out as they travel away from the gun’s muzzle. This spreading of the projectiles is called the shot pattern. There is just one exception to multi-projectile shot, which is called the slug. The slug is a single heavier projectile meant for hunting larger game. There are variations of slugs, but all are single projectile.
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